A woman feels complete when she gives birth to a baby that too a healthy baby. Eating healthy diet is important for the mother to have a strong body and have a healthy baby. Thus, pregnancy plays an important role in the life of mother and the child. Hence, it becomes important for a pregnant woman to know what kind of diet they should take during pregnancy especially in the first trimester of pregnancy. Though it is normal to have all the essential nutrients during pregnancy but a balanced diet of carbohydrate, proteins and fat is essential, but should have a decent amount of calories.
During the first trimester of pregnancy, it is advisable to take folic acid, Vitamin D, Vitamin A and protein in sufficient quantities. Dr Max Mongelli suggests for 3-4 servings of fruits, 3-5 servings of vegetables, 3 servings of dairy products, 2-3 servings of protein and 3 servings of whole grains. The doctor might also prescribe for supplements which will provide the sufficient amount of calcium, riboflavin, thiamine, magnesium, Vitamin A, potassium, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, etc. All these are essential for the growth of the baby. Normally, a pregnant woman should take 300 calories in addition to their regular intake of food.
Spinach, rich in folic acid, broccoli rich in iron, green peas, red, yellow and green bell peppers, sweet potatoes are all should be taken during the first trimester of pregnancy. Citrus fruits are ideal during first trimester but including other fruits are essential as well. Apart from, having fruits and vegetables fibres and fluids should also be taken in sufficient quantities. Eating of fibre rich food helps in maintaining the bowel movement. So it is ideal to have whole grain breads, pasta, cereals etc. which are rich in fibre. The pregnant mother also needs to have sufficient amount of calcium. Apart from drinking milk, it is ideal to take yoghurt, cheese, etc. In the case of non-vegetarian foods, eggs, soup, lean meats, fish are ideal to take but should avoid deep sea fishes. When you take poultry food, you should ensure that it is properly cooked not only for the sake of digestion but also for protecting against any disease that might arise from them. Max Mongelli also suggests taking of whole grains and proteins.
Some of the pregnant woman might suffer from morning sickness. Hence, it is essential for them to have stomach-friendly food.